Bhutan is a beautiful Buddhist Kingdom which is situated between Tibet in the north and India in the South. It is a unique destination for visitors to explore ancient and historical temples and monasteries, real Buddhist culture and philosophy, flora and fauna, trekking and mountaineering. It is the most adventurous destination in terms of bio-diversity, untouched by modernization and provides stunning views of the Himalayas. A trip to Bhutan is considered a once in a lifetime experience.
Bhutan is the only country to maintain Mahayana Buddhism in its Tantric Vajrayana form as the official religion. The main practicing schools are the state sponsored Drukpa Kagyupa and the Nyingmapa. Buddhism transects all strata of society, underpinning multiple aspects of the culture. Indeed, religion is the focal point for the arts, festivals and a considerably above average number of individuals. The presence of so many monasteries, temples and stupas, monks and tulkus (reincarnations of high lamas) is indicative of the overarching role religion plays throughout the nation.
Bhutan at a Glance:
Area: 38, 394 sq KM
Geography: Landlocked between the two great Asian civilizations, Tibet (China) to the north and the Indian States of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim & West Bengal in the East, West, & South.
Population: 683,407 (2008 - 2009).
Language: Dzongkha is the National Language.
Political system: Monarchy
Religion: Mahayana Buddhism, Hindusm in the South, Bon, Animism and Shamanism still exist.